a highly malignant skin cancer
Undoubtedly the most visible oncological pathology, melanoma is paradoxically progressing steadily in Switzerland, with a relatively high prevalence rate among the population.
the most deadly form of brain cancer
Both rare and virulent, glioblastoma is the most common and aggressive type of tumour in the central nervous system. It accounts for 70% of all primary malignancies in the brain and 20% of all intracranial tumours. While the prevalence of gliomas is low (2 to 3 in 100,000 cases in Europe and North America), this type of tumour is extremely aggressive.
the leading cause of death in men and women
Lung cancer is one of the most common and most fatal forms of cancer among men and women. The particularity of this disease is its high level of dependence on environmental factors, especially the inhalation of or even simple exposure to cigarette smoke, whether or not this is due to passive smoking. The steady increase of this pathology within the population, even among non-smokers, remains a cause for concern.
the most common form of cancer in women in Switzerland
Accounting for nearly one third of all cases, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women. Globally, this form of cancer is also the most prevalent type, accounting for 89 cases per 100,000 population. The risk of developing breast cancer increases significantly with age for women aged 30 to 60. Beyond this threshold, the risk remains stable.
a cancer of the digestive system occurring more frequently in men than in women
Also called pancreatic adenocarcinoma, this type represents 3% of all cancerous diseases. It is more often diagnosed in industrialized countries and occurs most frequently around the age of 75 in men and 80 in women.
Tumour invasion and metastasis
the study of malignant cell migration
When cells of a primary tumour, located in a particular organ or type of tissue, manage to migrate from the initial site to neighbouring tissues and into blood vessels, they can be transported by the lymph, the blood or even by microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, parasites) to other parts of the body where they can form secondary tumours called metastases.
a pathological process in tumour growth and metastasis development
Just like healthy tissues, a tumour needs oxygen and a blood supply to feed its growth. To this end, it activates the formation of new blood vessels from the capillaries in neighbouring healthy tissues.